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Is a Geographical Certification a Promising Production and Commercialization
Strategy for Smallholder Sheep Farming in Ceará, Brazil?
Sarah Schneidera, Marianna Siegmund-Schultzea,*, Evandro V. Holanda Júniorb, Francisco S. F. Alvesb, Anne Valle Záratea
http://dx.doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2012.022.013, pp. 107–127
Producing a local sheep meat product under a geographical certification label may enhance market competitiveness of smallholder farmers. This study focused on sheep farms in Ceará (Northeast Brazil); we explored their potential for adopting such a strategy, described the production chain of the salted, dried sheep meat product, and evaluated its potential certification. The study built on an existing unpublished dataset about the socio-economic conditions, production techniques, and commercialization characteristics of 129 sheep producers in the Tauá municipality. Multiple correspondence analysis followed by a nonhierarchical cluster analysis resulted in five farm clusters. In-depth interviews about socio-economic and production characteristics were conducted with a subsample of 23 farmers. The production chain was evaluated by applying methodological and data triangulation. The dried mutton product showed potential for geographical certification. However, essential preconditions for establishing a successful and sustainable geographic certification system were currently lacking.
Brazil, farming systems, food value chain, geographical indication (GI), sheep
a Institute of Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics, Universität Hohenheim (480a), Garbenstrasse 17, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
b Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos, Caixa Postal 145, 62011-970 Sobral-CE, Brazil
* Corresponding author: Marianna Siegmund-Schultze,
Banner photos include a Cape Cod cranberry bog; a cranberry “screen house” used to grade fresh cranberries; farmland near Lake Placid, NY, in the Adirondack Mountains; Montmorency cherry trees on the Mission Peninsula of northern Michigan; the historic Round Barn in the South Mountain Apple Belt of Adams County, Pennsylvania; the “Sea of Grapes” district of the Lake Erie Concord Grape Belt, near Erie, Penn; a field of cabbages near Shortsville, NY, home to one of the world’s largest sauerkraut factories. All photos copyright by Duncan Hilchey.
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